LiteGait Research

Gait Training Reference List

Listings in Pink indicate citations from the year 2002 and later
† Denotes articles that involve or discuss Body Weight Support Therapy
* Denotes articles that use or are about the LiteGait or another Mobility Research Product

This bibliography is divided into the following section links:

  • Basic Science
    1. REVIEW Basic Science
    2. LOCOMOTION Basic Science
    3. LEARNING Basic Science
    4. MOTIVE CIRCUIT Basic Science
    5. PHYSIOL/PHARM Basic Science
  • Clinical (Ailments)
    1. SPINAL CORD INJURY Clinical (Ailments)
    2. STROKE Clinical (Ailments)
    3. CEREBRAL PALSY Clinical (Ailments)
    4. HEAD INJURY Clinical (Ailments)
    5. PARKINSON'S Clinical (Ailments)
    6. OTHER Clinical (Ailments)
  • Clinical
    1. PEDIATRICS Clinical
    2. MISCELLANEOUS Clinical
    3. GENERAL BWS-GT Clinical
    4. DEVICES Clinical

Basic Science

1. Review

* Andersson O, Forssberg H, Grillner S, Wallen P.(1981) Peripheral feedback mechanisms acting on the central pattern generators for locomotion in fish and cat. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology, 59, 713-726.
* Armstrong D.M. (1986). Supraspinal contributions to the initiation and control of locomotion in the cat. Progress in Neurobiology, 26 273-361.
* Arshavsky YI, Deliagina TG, Orlovsky GN (1997). Pattern Generation. Current Opinion in Neurobiology 7,, 781-789.
* Burke RE, Degtyarenko AM, Simon ES. (2001). Patterns of locomotor drive to motorneurons and last-order interneurons: clues to the structure of the CPG. Journal of Neurophysiology, 86(1), 447-62.
* Dettmann M, Linder M, Sepic S. (1987) Relationship among walking performance, postural stability and functional assessment of the hemiplegic patient. Am J Phys Med, 66, 77-90.
* Duysens J, Clarac F, Cruse H. (2000) Load-regulating mechanisms in gait and posture: Comparative aspects. Physiological Reviews, 80, 83-133.
* Hultborn H, et al (1998) How do we approach the locomotor network in the mammalian spinal cord? Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 860, 70-82.
* Jordan LM. (1998) Initiation of locomotion in mammals. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 860, 83-93.
* Mori, S. (1998) Neurophysiology of locomotion: Recent advances in the study of locomotion. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 860, 55-78.
* Pearson KG, Misiaszek JE, Fouad K. (1998) Enhancement and resetting of locomotor activity by muscle afferents. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 860, 203-215.
* Pearson KG. (1995) Proprioceptive regulation of locomotion. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 5, 786-791.
* Rossignol S. (1996) Neural control of stereotypic limb movements. In: Rowell LB, Shepherd JT. Handbook of Physiology; Section 12, Exercise: Regulation and integration of multiple systems. New York: John Wiley. 174-216.
* Taub E, Uswatte G, Pidikiti R. (1999) Constraint-Induced movement therapy: A new family of techniques with broad application to physical rehabilitation- A clinical review. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development, 35(3), 237-251
* Whelan PJ.(1996) Control of locomotion in the decerebrate cat. Progress in Neurobiology, 49, 481-515

Basic Science

2. Locomotion

* Andersson O, Grillner S. (1983) Peripheral control of the cat’s step cycle II Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 118, 229-239.
* Andersson O, Grillner S. (1981) Peripheral control of the cat’s step cycle. I. Phase dependent effects of ramp-movements of the hip during “fictive locomotion”. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica,113, 89-101
* Beresovskii VK. (1990) Structure of spinal cord locomotor strip in the cat. Acta Neurobiologiae Experimentalis,50,, 41-46.
* Blaszczyk J, Loeb GE. (1993). Why cats pace on the treadmill. Physiology and Behavior, 53, , 501-507.
* Boroojerdi B, Ferbert A, Foltys H, Kosinski CM, Noth J, Schwarz M. (1999) Evidence for a non-orthostatic origin of orthostatic tremor Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry, 66, (3), 284-8.
* Canu MH, Falempin M. (1998) Effect of hindlimb unloading on interlimb coordination during treadmill locomotion in the rat. European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 78 ,(6), 509-15.
* Dale N, Kuenzi F. (1997) Ionic currents, transmitters and models of motor pattern generators. Current Opinion in Neurobiology, 7, (6), 790-6.
* De Leon RD, London NJS, Roy RR, Edgerton VR. (1999) Failure analysis of stepping in adult spinal cats. Progress in Brain Research, 123, 341-348.
* Deliagina TG, Fagerstedt P. (2000) Responses of reticulospinal neurons in intact lamprey to vestibular and visual inputs Journal of Neurophysiology, 83, 864-878.
* Deliagina TG, Zelenin PV, Fagerstedt P, Grillner S, Orlovsky GN.(2000) Activity of reticulospinal neurons during locomotion in the freely behaving lamprey. Journal of Neurophysiology, 83, 853-863.
* Deliagina TG, Orlovsky GN, Pavlova GA. (1983). The capacity for generation of rhythmic oscillations is distributed in the lumbosacral spinal cord of the cat. Experimental Brain Research. 53, 81-90./li>
* Dietz V. (1998) Evidence for a load receptor contribution to the control of posture and locomotion. Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, 22, 495-499.
* Drew T, Dubuc R, Rossignol S.(1986) Discharge patterns of reticulospinal and other reticular neurons on chronic, unrestrained cats walking on a treadmill. Journal of Neurophysiology 55, 375-401.
* Duysens J, Van de Crommert HWAA. (1998) Neural control of locomotion; Part 1: The central pattern generator from cats to humans. Gait and Posture, 7, 131-141.
* Eidelberg E, Story JL, Walden JG, Meyer BL.(1981) Anatomical correlates of return of locomotor function after partial spinal cord lesions in cats Experimental Brain Research 42, (1), 81-88.
* Field EC, Stein PSG. (1997) Spinal cord coordination of hindlimb movements in the Turtle: Intralimb temporal relationships during bilateral scratching and swimming Journal of Neurophysiology, 78, 1394-1403.
* Forssberg H, Grillner S, Halbertsma J, Rossignol S. (1980). The locomotion of the low spinal cat. II. Interlimb coordination. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 108, 283-295.
* Forssberg H, Grillner S, Halbertsma J. (1980) The locomotion of the low spinal cat. I. Coordination within a hindlimb. Acta Physiologica Scandinavica, 108, 269-281.
* Forssberg H, Grillner S, Rossignol S.(1975) Phase dependent reflex reversal during walking in chronic spinal cats. Brain Research, 85, 103-107.
* Fukuyama H, et al. (1997). Brain functional activity during gait in normal subjects: A SPECT study. Neuroscience Letters, 228, 183-186.
* Grillner S, Ekeberg O, Manira AE, Lansner A, Parker D, Tegner J, Wallen P.(1998) Intrinsic function of a neuronal network – a vertebrate central pattern generator. Brain Research Review, 26, 184-197.
* Grillner S, Dubuc, R. (1988) Control of locomotion in vertebrates: Spinal and supraspinal mechanisms. Advances in Neurology, 47, 425-453.
* Grillner S, Zangger P. (1984).The effect of dorsal root transection on the efferent motor pattern in the cat’s hindlimb during locomotion. Acta Physiology Scand Scandinavica,120, 393-405.
* Kably B, Drew T.(1998) Corticoreticular pathways in the cat. II. Discharge activity of neurons in area 4 during voluntary gait modifications. Journal of Neurophysiology, 80, (1), 406-24.
* Leblond H, Menard A, Gossard JP. (1998)Vestibulo- and reticulospinal control of the extensor half-center in locomotion. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 860, 563-565.
* Mackay M. (2002) Central Pattern Generation of Locomotion: A Review of the Evidence. Physical Therapy, 82.1 , 69-83.
* Massion J, Dufosse M. (1988) Coordination between posture and movement: why & how? NIPS, 3, 88-93.
* Matsuyama K, Drew T. (2000).Vestibulospinal and reticulospinal neuronal activity during locomotion in the intact cat. II. Walking on an inclined plane. Journal of Neurophysiology, 84, (5), 2257-76.
* Matsuyama K, Drew T. (2000).Vestibulospinal and reticulospinal neuronal activity during locomotion in the intact cat. I. Walking on a level surface. Journal of Neurophysiology, 84 , (5), 2237-56. #
* Mori S, Matsui T, Kuze B, Asanome M, Nakajima K, Matsuyama K.(1999). Stimulation of a restricted region in the midline cerebellar white matter evokes coordinated quadrupedal locomotion in the decerebrate cat. . Journal of Neurophysiology, 82, 290-300.
* Mori S, Matsui T, Kuze B, Asanome M, Nakajima K, Matsuyama K. (1998) Cerebellar-induced locomotion: Reticulospinal control of spinal rhythm generating mechanism in cats. Neuroscience Research, 30, 257-69
* Pearson KG, Rossignol S. (1991). Fictive motor patterns in chronic spinal cats. Journal of Neurophysiology, 66, 1874-1887.
* Prentice SD, Drew T. (2001). Contributions of the reticulospinal system to the postural adjustments occurring during voluntary gait modifications. Journal of Neurophysiology, 85, (2), 679-98.
* Rossignol S, Chau C, Brustein E, Giroux N, Bouyer L, Barbeau H, Reader TA. (1998) Pharmacological activation and modulation of the central pattern generator for locomotion in the cat. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 860, 346-359.
* Smith JL, Smith LA, Zernicke RF, Hoy M. (1982) Locomotion in exercised and nonexercised cats cordotomized at two or twelve weeks of age. Experimental Neurology, 76, 393-413.
* Stein PSG, Victor JC, Field EC, Currie SN.(1995). Bilateral control of hindlimb scratching in the spinal turtle: Contralateral spinal circuitry contributes to the normal ipsilateral motor pattern of fictive rostral scratching. Journal of Neurosceince, 15, 4343-4355.

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